xe-ri-scape/ˈzi(ə)rəˌskāp/Noun: A garden or landscape that needs little supplemental water. Verb: Landscape an area using water conservation principles.
Xeriscapes do not have to be cactus or rock gardens. Often they include other native and drought tolerant plants. When you think of dry gardening, you may picture a wild, natural looking landscape. But the xeriscape water conservation principles can be applied to different styles of landscaping. You can create a more formal English, Southwestern, or Japanese garden using the same basic principles. Tired of mowing your lawn and paying for all the water to keep it green? Explore xeriscaping and see if it is right for you. In arid and semiarid climates, where water conservation is important, xeriscaping is a wise choice. The concept of xeriscaping was developed in the 1980s in Colorado, as a result of water shortages. Xeriscaping can also be used to reduce the amount of maintenance required for a beautiful yard or garden. Xeriscaping incorporates seven basic principles of landscaping to achieve water conservation. The Xeriscape Principles page provides additional information on each of these topics.
- Planning & Design
- Soil Preparation
- Turf Considerations
- Plant Selection
- Efficient Irrigation
Benefits of a Xeriscape
Saves Water. Throughout North America, more than 50% of residential water use is for lawns and landscaping. Xeriscapes can reduce the water needed for landscapes by 50%-75%. This results in a costs savings as well. Reduces Maintenance. Xeriscapes eliminate the time required to mow and fertilize a large lawn. Drip irrigation systems save time spent watering. Improves Property Value. A good xeriscape improves property value, by creating curb appeal and reducing water costs. Provides Wildlife Habitat. Native trees, shrubs and groundcovers in a xeriscape provide seed, fruit and nectar for local wildlife. Insects attracted by the plants in turn attract birds and reptiles. Reduces Pollution. With smaller turf areas, pollution from gas-powered lawn mowers is reduced or eliminated. A reel mower may be sufficient for the small areas of grass included in a xeriscape. No Fertilizers of Pesticides. Xeriscapes usually need fewer pest control measures and less fertilizer than traditional landscapes. This too saves money.
This small hand rake is an unusual product which you may find useful in your xeriscape garden. It has been manufactured by the same Japanese company for over 30 years, but it is not widely available in the United States. Recently, MB HANA started importing it for US gardeners. Unlike other small shrub or fan rakes, the width and length adjust to 4 different locking positions. The bright orange handle makes it easy to spot in the garden. The tines are stainless steel and the handle is durable ABS plastic making it lightweight, so you can use it without fatigue. It's perfect for raking leaves and spreading mulch around small plants and shrubs. It also makes a pretty good back scratcher! Click Here To Read Our Review
Want to attract butterflies to your xeriscape garden? The Asclepias, or Butterfly Plant (also known as Milkweed) is drought tolerant and attracts monarch butterflies. It is also a nectar source for hummingbirds and bees. Watch this video to learn how to plant a native butterfly plant. It is a great perennial to have in the garden. With over 140 known species, you should be able to find one that grows in your region of the United States.